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Castilla Oecophorid

Head is black with a yellow collar immediately behind it. T1 is sclerotized and black. T2 and 3 are black. A1-5 are yellow with black latitudinal stripes (2 per segment). A6 and 7 are black, A8 is yellow and black, A9&10 are black. T1 legs are black. Prolegs are yellow. Spiracles are black. A6-10 make a false head. Larvae loosely fold leaves and live in web funnels covered with frass.


598 637

Head is dark red with a black and red T1 shield. Body is black covered in small white dots. On A2-8 there are 2 red blunt papillae close together with a white spot in front. There is a similar white spot on T1&2.  Prolegs and T legs are dark red. Dorsally there are orange spots forming a rough square on each segment down the middle of the dorsum starting at A1. Spiracles are invisible.





Castilla metalmark

Small and green all over.  Light green like the bottom of the leaf it is on.  Head capsule, body, etc. is all the same color.  A dark green stripe down the center of the body shows where the gut is (from feeding).





on Hampea appendiculata

Prognathous head, reddish brown.

Plate behind head also reddish-brown with central thin triangle of green.

Body light green with very slightly brownish tubercles; spiracles the same green (or clear and coloured from internal colour?) .

Thoracic legs red/brown, prolegs clear, A10 with clear plate.

Bites and drops on thread.



Fat packs below skin yellow not orange. Prolegs yellow not orange. Mark on head capsule and plate behind head. (Plate behind head two tone. Coffee brown outer line, more reddish brown central).






Head prognathous, brown with dark brown sides. Pale thin white collar behind. Body transparent but green because of gut contents. Glabrous; not even setae. Spiracles white, can see tracheal system. Legs clear/whitish. Thrashes/ bites and spits when disturbed.



Ebrietas sp

Head capsule is orange, body is transparent with a yellow tint but appears green because of gut contents. T2 and T3 have 2 yellow spots on either side. A1-6 have a larger yellow spot followed by 3 smaller spots, A7 has a yellow spot. A10 is fringed in orange/yellow. T and prolegs are clear. T1 is tinted orange also.



Astraptes fulgerator azul

Head is red and fuzzy-the hair making 2 short, hornlike projesctions in earlier instars. Body is black with 19 paired yellow spots on T2-A9 dorsally, and paired red blotches laterally that overlap a little BUT lateral spots on T2 and T3 are white and don’t overlap. T legs are black and prolegs are red. Anal shield has red borders. Spiracles are small and red.


598 608

Thracides sp.

Covered in white wax (or mold?!)-4 patches on the head capsule are free of the substance. Ties leaves and entire leaf roll is covered also.



Head is deep umber with 2 bright orange spots on the face.  A1 is sclerotiled and is also deep brown/red.  Body is transparent but finely reticulated with yellow.  Segments have a faint blush of light orange along their divisions.  A8 has paired bright yellow spots.  (drawing in yellow notebook).  Spiracles are ringed in red. T1’s bottom is bright red.  T legs - red. A3, 4, 5, 6 prolegs are red and clear with a red spot over juncture of proleg and body.






Menander menander

The larva is flattened laterally and so is vaguely limpet-like.  The head is retracted under grey sclerotized plate.  (drawing).  All of the prolegs etc are under the fleshy siles of the flattened body. (drawing).  The body is green with 4 small white nectaries on it.  The thoracic legs are really small, all prolegs are present.  The spiracles are white and in the flattened “wings”.




Actinote Guatemalena

Head is coffee brown.  Body is ochre with 2 wide longitudinal stripes on top 1/3 of body that are rust red.  Body is covered in verricae, 6 verrucae per segment - T1 and A10 only has 2.  Thoracic legs are black, prolegs are ochre, spiracles are small and black.  Larvae are gregarious and found in mikenia sp.


598 607

Nessaea sp.

Head metallic blue black with blue black “horns”-back of head is light orange. Body is aquamarine in dorsal half and orange in ventral half (above and below spiracles) . Border between the 2 colors is mottled red/orange and yellow. Spiracles are small and white. Dorsal spines (rising straight from skin) are orange tipped with black . Lateral and ventral spines are yellow. All legs are same color as dorsum. Anal shield is an inverted triangle-yellow with 2 light orange spots.


598 614

Nessaea aglauris

Head capsule is metallic black in front with blue black “horns”, with a red spot in the center of the white clypeas. Back of the head capsule is white. Body is green with tiny yellow spiracles. All legs are the color of the body. Body is covered with small bumps that are covered in a diaphanous pearl color (silvery blue/white). Small white spots start laterally from A1-A7. Spiracles are negligible. Body covered in 3&4 tipped spines rising straight from the skin. Dorsal spines (2 paired and 1 row down center of dorsum spines) are green with black tips. Spines on A8-10 are aqua blue with black tips. Lateral spines (just above and below spiracles) are white.


598 631

Temenis sp.

It is very close to Tenesis laothoe agatha. The dorsum is dark green. A#, A5, A8 and A9 have dark brown (almost black) rectangles. T3 has 2 large scoli with stiff setae at their ends. These scoli form a wide U shape. A8 and A9 have dorsal scoli. All scoli are black. All segments with the dark rectangles have subdorsal and lateral spines. The sides are light green and white with diagonal brown stripes. Ventrum is dark brown. Head capsule is shiny black (almost metallic blue) with 4 small white spines and two long (can extend beyond T3) norns. These horns are black with yellow stripes and have 4 whorls of spines*. Prolegs and legs are white.

*The black and yellow stripes alternate between the whorls of spines.



Heliconius hecale zuleika

Chalky white dorsum, orange heaad, orange ventrum.  All spines and spiracles are black.  Spines (including head spines) are 1/6 the size of the body.



Antirrhea pterocopha

Caudal tails are ½ as long as the body.  Numerous short secondary setae on all parts (including tails).  Setae are white on thorax and abdomen.  Setae on the head are white near the mandibles, yellow around the frontoclypeus area, and black on th the epicranium.  Two small knobs at the the top of the epicranium.  Head is the same color as body.  Dorsal side of body has 11 diamond shaped patterns that are connected.  All of them are yellow-green bordered by dark red, and 3, 4, & 7 have red stripes inside the diamonds.  A8 spiracle is darker than the others.  Caudal tails start green (caudad) then turn black, then white (caudad).  Vertrum and prolegs are not unusual and are the same colorr as the rest of the body.



Opsiphanes tamarindi (late instar)

Similar to Opsiphanes cassina fabricii (especially the head capsule).  Caudal tails are 1/6 as long as the body.  Head is cream colored, body is green with dorsal brown stripes and 2 lateral stripes one of which (upper) is dark brown and the other is light green (lower). Head is standard opsiphanes head with 2 pairs of horns around the epicranium (see DeVries for drawing of O. cassina); horns are reddish brown with black at the tip.  Head has white setae near mandibles and long tufts of black setae (“mustache”) arising from the area adjacent to the stematta.  Spiracles are red with yellow spots (one dorsal and one ventral spot) and are thin ellipses.  Caudal tails are darker green with green-yellow outlines.  Ventrum and prolegs are not unussual and are the same color as the rest of the body.



Opsiphanes tamarindi (early instar)

Striped light green body with an orange dorsal stripe surrounded by two yellow stripes.  Long orange caudal tails with black tips.  Head capsule light green with black spots and a yellow stripe, four long orange spines with black tips and 2 short light-green spines also on the head capsule.  Ventrum darker green (chalky).  Head capsule most resembles Opsiphanes bogatanu. 




Philaethria dido

Head is light orange with 2 black hairs.  Body is background chalky, white with black striations between segments etc.  Also bright day-glo orange spots on the top of each segment.  (At the base of all the scoli)  T1 legs are black, others and prolegs are yellowish.  Venter is red and yellowish reticulations which extend to a stripe on the sides just above the prolegs, spiracles and rotable.  T1 segment and head capsule have black spines and others (abdominals) have orange/brown or whitish spines (scoli) with black tips.


598 711

Adelpha celerio

All early instars (up to the 4th) resemble moss lichen covered twigs. T2 and T3 each have 2 pairs of long, flattened, spiny scoli. A2, A7 and A8 have 1 pair of  long, flattened, spiny scoli. All other segments have a shorter pair of these scoli. The head capsule is striped black and tan and is ringed with black spines and has 2 longer black spines on the epicranium. The body color is mostly green with black sections and A2 scoli are black. Lateral white warts on the larvae look like large projecting lichens. This individual, which eats melastome, turned bright yellow in the 5th instars (prepupa).


598 744

Marpesia merops

Is closest to Marpesia chiron in DeVries’ larval descriptions. Head capsule is orange with black horns; the horns have yellow bands. A1, A3, A5, and A10 have long black filaments. The body color is a mosaic of yellow black and orange. The prolegs are light green with black spots. All spiracles are black. The prothoracic shield has a subdorsal black spot on each side.



Chlosyne lacinia

Eggs are laid in a clump, some on top of the others.  They are yellow on undersides of leaves.  Neonates are yellow/green in a black head capsule.  Early instars are dark brown or coffee colored with a darker head capsule and with black scoli on all segments.  The scoli are not hard or heavily sclerotized.







Acharia nesea

Head capsule almost completely concealed.  Ventrum is bright red and dorsum is dark purple with a yellow square that extends form A2 to A6 dorso-ventrally and from above spines on both sides laterally.  All segments but T1 have spines that are about ¼ the length of the body.  T2 has subdorsal and subventral spines, T3 has somewhat larger subdorsal spines and normal sized subventral spines, A1 has large subdorsal spines, A8 and A9 have normal subventral and large subdorsal spines, all other segments have normal subventral spines  (note: normal = ~1/4 lenght of the body).  Spiracles are yellow and immediately ventral to the spines; A1 spiracles is much higher thant A2-8 spiracles.  Ventrum is bright red.


0019 T2

Euclea sp. 

Found on Pentagonia donalsmithii.  Body (head is hidden) is beige grey with light day-glow green patches.  The “saddle” is not continuous but implied with green blotches on either side.  There are paired yellow spots on A2.  Verrucae are all lime green with 4 larger ones on T2 and 3 and A5 and 7.  The lateral verrucae on A7 and 10 have a black spot on top of them.  Gumfoot is clear.


598 705

Acharia sp.

It eats P. Cenocladum. The body is light green without much of a saddle. The tips of the spines are black. All sgments but T1, A9, and A10 have an orange spot ringed with blue and white on the dorsum. These spots are not connected but give an impression of an orange stripe. Laterally, the same segments have small blue streaks. The spiracles are light brown. The last 2 abdominal segments have small, hardened, brown plates at the base of the spines.




0060 T2

Blue pyralid  

Head capsule is dark as in plate on T1.  There are paired spots on T2.  Body is clear white but gut contents appear blue.  Caterpillar is blue when its gut is full.  All prolegs present and white - spiracles not notable.  Caterpillar rolls into ball when disturbed.



On Solanum sipuranoides.  Head capsule and plant on F1 are uniformly pus brown yellow with no dark brown marks.  Body is transparent in general though faintly pus brown/yellow/green overall.  Dark green from gut contents in center.  All legs present and transparent.


598 600

False eyes pyralid

Yellow/brown head, light green body. Paired brown lines on head capsule and T1&2. Paired “eyespots” on T3 and A8 (with some mottling). All legs are clear green.




0064 T2

Cambogia apyraria

These are small, ~ 1+cm when ready to pupate, head capsule is orange, segments T1-3 are deep purple, then body is generally green with purple papillae on A1-6.  These are short papillaae and coincide with triangular purple marks on these segments A7-10 is reduced and purple and white.  The general view (to me) is of a piece of selaginella or lichen.  (drawing).  They are slow moving and feed on the undersides of leafs, skeletonizing them but not breaking the upper epidermis.  They can extensively damage a large (> 2000cm) leaf.



Black moss geometrid

 Small, black all over.  All setae white, on white pinneculaae with white spot in center.  Shiny black head capsule with white frons. Is small (<1.5) and all segments larger than the head.



Pseudosellodes fenestraria

Head is black with a white labrum and a white collar (T1). T2&3 are black. Other segments are indistinct.

Alternate sections of orange with a thin white border, then black with a white spot on sides of the body. A6 is orange. A7-10 is white with black spots. Prolegs are both black. T legs are black.

6 orange sections and 5 black with white spots.





Apatelodes erotina, white morph

STR 400 - on Piper Arianum   5cm long, 8cm wide.  Sea green head, black mouth parts, semihypognathous head.  Body also sea green w. small (2mm x 2mm) wide red splotches on A1-A7 - paired on either side of body in upper third above the spiracles. A4-6 also have a faint black  linear mark on top of the body running along the body longitudinally (drawing in yellow notebook).  Body is  pubescent covered in 2-3cm long white hairs.  Spiracles are faintly purplish , thoracic legs are black, prolegs are sea green on top w. red feeet.  T1, 2, 7, 8 have black blotches on the underside of the body - Note - head was bone white on another individual which lacked marks on belly.  Catepillar did a strange forward and backward wiggle while it walked (it was agitated).



Apatelodes erotina, dark morph

Very much like white morph.  Head is black with a white labrum and 2 brown eyespots.  Body is black and covered in hair.  Hairs are black or white until A1 becoming all yellow by A3-A5 then white or yellow.  A9 and A10 hairs are black.  Spiracles are white, T legs are black.  Prolegs are black with red feet.  Early instars are black and white haired.  Mid instars (2&3 or 3&4?) had all white hair.





Automeris tridens

Lime green, thick white side stripes below spiracles starting at A1, yellow/orange colored T legs, green prolegs with red lower segments spotted with yellow and bluish black feet.  Orange spriacles paired red patches with white spots on all abdominal segments just above to between prolegs.


598 605

Automeris sp.

Early instar description-Black head capsule, all legs are light yellow. Body yellow in lower 2/3rds, reddish in dorsal 1/3. 2 white stripes (paired) on sides and 2 stripes (paired) dorsally (i.e. 4 in total). Spiracles white. Bases of verruca are orange and tops black dorsally. Lateral verrucae are white=> T1 has no verrucae


598 616

Automeris sp.

Early instar: head capsules are red/orange. Body red orange, lateral stripes are red orange and lighter orange. Spines dark orange.



Automeris sp.

Head capsule pale sea-green/blue with very fine covering of tiny purple spots -

Body - top third is purple, next third (on either side three thirds) is green. This band contains the spiracles, Spiracles are orange surrounded by yellow (thin oval of yellow).

At the midline of the body looking from the side is a dark purple line, then a light blue line beneath. There are white spines on all segments along this line that run perpendicular to the line. All segments but A10 with sea-green urticating spines. T1-3 and A1-3 with dense tufts of spines on sea green tubercles.

A47 with  fewer spines. A9 has dense tufts. Three rows of spines on each segment. A9 has two horn-like projections (spines) with a small tuft of spines between. Triangular plate on A1D. Prolegs on A3-A6 and A10.



Quentalia sp. (Bombycidae)

Yellow head capsule mottled with brown and with 2 black eye spots.  Dorsum is black with 2 subdorsal yellow spots per segment; ventrum is opague orange, prolegs are orange.  Several black and yellow scoli per segment.  Small, black dorsal scolus on A8.  Spiracles are very oval and peach colored surrounded by a narrow maroon ring.  Gregarious; leaf folding when not eating.  Caudal prolegs are fat and triangular, extending out from the body.



Oxytenis beprea

Head capsule is brown, body is brown with 2 fleshy wing-like extentsions laterally on T3. Body is mottled green or tan on A1-4 and 6-8 (depends on instar) with a “tail” on A8. Prolegs and T legs are brown. Body is covered in spines tipped with small globes filled with a liquid that the larva is able to release when stressed.=>7/8

Larva curl up and mimic bird feces when resting.



Is feeding on Stigmataphyllum.  Head capsule is green apple green. (yellow/green) head is hypognathous.  Body is more or less light green and is striped longitudinally.  From each side to the midline of the dorsum are 3 thin yellow green stripess.  The middle of the dorsum (top of the body) has a thin grey/green stripe.  Both sides have a black stripe above a white stripe.  Spiracles are small and difficult to see. All segments have 6 seoli - 13 per side, covered with urtizating spines.  The scoli have thin black stripes between them ie. Perpendicular (drawing in yellow notebook) to the plan of the body (latitudinal stripes?).  Legs are yellow green with brown/orange spots - legs present are T1-3, A4-6, A10.






Manduca occulta

Head hypoganothous. Striped light green and dark military green. Plate behind head on T1.

Body military green. 8 wrinkles per segment. A1-A10 have forward pointing diagonal stripes from top to spiracles. Two-tone. Upper colour purple/black, over colour light purple (lilac?). T1-3 covered in very short (<1mm) yellow spikes, like tiny eggs. Rest of body covered in tiny yellow spots (like fly eggs?).

Tail is blue-grey at base shading to military green. Plate on A10e with light green triangle around it. T legs purple and lilac in rings. Prolegs on A3,4,5,6 and 10 with purple at base.



0122 T2

Adhemarius ypsilon 

Bright yellow, mimic an infloresence.  Bright yellow mottled with white, green and maroon.  Green head capsule is sharply pointed dorsally; row of black spots on either of the face extending up to the dorsal point.  The horn contains small brown spicules and is as long as 2 abdominal segments.  The piracles are black and have white spots dorsally and ventrally.  Very large caudal prolegs with dark black spicules.



Protambulyx strigilis

Head is celador with white stripes on face and in back that segway into the body.  Body is light green and covered on all wrinkles with all segments with yellow bumps.  Bumps and darker green segments form 6 backward facing yellow stripes with green upper borders the 7th stgripe is much wider and white.  Segments start small and get laarger towardss reaar.  Tail is sky blue grading into green towars tip.  Spiracles are sky blue thoracic  and prolegs are reduced.  A10 legs with dark dots on top. Legs green. (*drawing in yellow notebook)



Xylophanes chiron

Late instar head is much smaller than the segments behind it.  General body is covered in a scale pattern so it is different shades of purple/brown.  There is a dark brown line going down the middle of the body, head to tail.  Body is brown grading to pinkish top to bottom after that.  Spiracles are pink.  A1 & 2 have 2 false eyes on them each.  A3, 4, 5, 6, 7 have paired brown triangles with orange spots ringed with yellow on them.  Legs in usual places - A7, 8, & 9 have yellow lines on either side leading to tail which is light pink with small brown dots on top and a black tip.  (drawing in yellow notebook).



Eumorpha labruscae

Looks somewhat like Hemeroplanes because it is another snake mimic.  Head is green and smaller than T2 & 3 & A1 which are swollen and as wide or wider than other body segments.  Body is yellow and green in lower 2/3’s and overlaid with purple on top and top 1/3 (in later I).  All segments but A8-10 have brown molting in the same place as the spiracles which are barely visible and light brown.  They all also have (with exception of T3 & A1) a small brown spot above this.  Prolegs A3-A6 are marked with brown and have brown feet.  A9 &10 have large brown borders.  Tail is dark brown (drawings).



Manduca sp.

On Solanum heteroclitum.  Head is celadon green but body is more unifomly translucent green.  A1-8 have thin white stripes (forward facing) with grass green stripes on top and small black spots (4 on most stripes) in the green.  Stripes go to level of spiracles.  Spiracles are white with dark centers and a faint stripe down the middle.  (drawing).  The “tail” is short ~ 1 cm with a light blue base and a brown/orange top.



An Aegifila fulcata.  Light celadon green head capsule -body is also light celadon green.  T1-3 are like body and have small yellow (1mm long) spikes, like fly eggs along the tops of the wrinkles of the segments.  The green is slightly yellow and more translucent on top.  The abdominal segments have very thick forward facing white stripes from the top of body to the level of the spiracles.  These are interdigitated with grass green shading along the top of the stripe.  The Telson is the same grass green.  The “tail” is a plastic sea green with numerous white spikes on it. (short spikes or 1+ mm).  Spiracles are white with black ineriors (drawing).  Thoracic legs are red with white ridges, prolegs are same color as body.  Caterpillar is very large  ~ 8 cm and 14 grams.



Amphimoea walkeri

These are Sphingids with triangular heads also.  The heads are light tan with dark brown stripes down the front.  The bodies are green with faint white stripes coming back from T1-A6.  This gives the appeaarance of alternating dark and light green stripes.  The bodies are covered in tubercles most of which are white and have a hard point. 9 (Scoli ?).  These make up 2 broken longitudinal white stripes on the back of the larvae.  The tail on A8 is light green and covered in tan scoli  so looks tan.  It is blunt at the end.  The back of A10 (really) the backs of the prolegs are likewise tan and covered in darker brown spots.  Thoracic legs are black and white striped, porlegs are green.  The spiracles are black with white tips on the top and bottom .  There are white spots even on the underside of the body.  (drawing)



Manduca corralina

Found feeding on Condia alliodora.  The head is 2 colors of green in vertical stripes - both shades of celadon or jade greeen.  T1-3 are milky celadon shading to translucent green on top and covered in yellow spots.  Rest of body is the same on bottom (celadon) but usual sphingid triangle pattern but a triangle on each segment (drawing).  Lower triangles are white/grey/green or grey green in a white cast.  Upper triangles are light green with yellow spots.  The lines between them are (in a stylized drawing).  These lines run from the spiracles to just above the upper third of the body then are extended in dark green and yellow to the top of the dorsum.  Spiracles are black surrounded in yellow.  Prolegs are celadon with day glow rings above the crochets.  Thoracic legs are black with small yellow specks “tail” is dark green on top, light on bottom and covered in spikelets.  Anal shield is day glow green.


598 636

Manduca florestan

Head is celadon with paired darker green stripes vertically down the face. The capsule is somewhat cone shaped, topped by 2 yellow bumps for “horns”. Body is green, darker below and mor yellow above. Body is covered in small yellow scoli. T legs are red with bumps. Prolegs are green. A series of forward swept stripes start at  A1-A7.Each stripe extends from the center of the segment to the dorsum of the next segment. They are yellow to green/yellow below, bordered by dark green above with the exception of stripe A7-8 which is partially white. The A1-A2 and A2-A3 and A7-A8 stripes are fat, 3-4 times as broad as the other stripes which are faint. Spiracles are velvety black bordered by white. The tail is long (A8-A6 in length) and is green covered in small black spikes. Larva is smaller than other sphingids ( about 5 cm).


598 696

The horn is reduced to a prominent nub. The caterpillar is mostly green with classic diagonal manduca stripes. Spiracles are dark brown. The head is held in a prognathous position in the air.


598 746

It is a dark green with a dorsal whits stripe that is sandwiched between two thin purple stripes. A1 is swollen. The spiracles are yellow with a purple dot in the center. The head is green with a whit spot on the face and black and white mandibles.


598 665

Xylophanes porcus

Partial- green- forward swept whitish green stripes but lots of white above (dorsum- dorsal 1/4th?)- tail purple/bluish, spineless black.






Nystalea sp.

The late instar is brown with a darker brown dorsal stripe borbered by white.  There is a black button on A8 with ridges that extending down below the A8 spiracles.  A9 has two bright yellow spots.  A8-A10 from a square that looks somewhat like a snake head.  Spiricles are black.  Various light yellow stripes are found on all abdominal segments.  The head capsule is also brown with many black spots.  A10 prolegs are very small.  Very large (noticable iwthout maagnification) antennae.  Ocelli are also quite large and noticable.



Malocampa albolineata

Head capsule is large and oval and has 2 brown false eyes in bands.  These are just black outlines in some individuals.  Body is green in background  (light green darkened by gut contents).  Body markings vary by individual but are the same - just more or less apaprent.  2 yellow lines run the length of the body on either side of the dorsum.  Inside these parallel lines are a brown line from T1 to A1, a brown diamond on A3and A6 and brown mottling from A7 to A10 on A1,A3,A6,A8.  There are paired hot pink chalzae in the brown diamonds on the dorsum.  On the sides there is brown mottling on T1-T3 and faint forward slashing yellow lines on A1-A9 with brown mottling around.  Thoracic legs are green as are prolegs.  Prolegs have hot pink feet.  Spiracles are hot pink and small.



Rifargia distinguenda

Head is lavender with purple and yellow stripes down the edges. Dorsum has a purple stripe the length of the body. White stripes extend laterally and forward down from there, becoming yellow on the sides of the body. There are purple spots in both sides of the body on A3. Proleg feet and T legs are yellow/green. Body is green, A10 prolegs are purple, and spiracles are salmon and small. Dorsal purple stripe is bordered in yellow on T1 and 2, and A10.



Lirimiris meridionalis

Head is shiny yellow with black spots. T1 is the same dorsally, and black and white laterally. T1 spiracle is black outlined in white. T2-A6 are black and white, and T3-A3 is white with black spots in the D and P positions, and reticulated with black laterally. A black dorsal chevron starts in A3 and goes to A4 with white behind. A5 is white with black spots in the SD area. A reversed dorsal black chevron starts at A5 and extends to A7 (white below). A7,8, & 9 are swollen and form a yellow “abdomen” covered in black spots. Anal shield is black. Secondary setae are largely absent except for long (0.5+ cm) hairs that arise in the SD area straight from the skin with no pinnaculum. Long white hairs are on T2-A5 and A7-9. Dark purple/red reticulations on T2&3 extend laterally in later instars. T legs and prolegs are bright yellow. Spiracles are black. Spiracles on T1, A7 & A8 are larger than others and surrounded in a white ring.


0066 T2

Heliconia group notodontid

Head capsule is orange and covered in black spots and black setae.  Body is longitudinally striped black and white until A1 then black, white and orange.  A1 has a ring of very short papillae (12 all around) extending latitudinally from the body.  There is also a small swelling on A8.  Prolegs are all present although A10 is somewhat reduced.  Larvae will raise, wiggle its rear from time to time.  Prolegs are orange with black spots.  Body is shiny and looks like plastic - it feels vaguely sticky.  They feed in large groups and all will drop if they are disturbed.







Yellow black and red buttspots arctiid


Hairs are mostly yellow.  The subdorsal verrucae on A7 and A8 carry red hairs.  A8 has long, lateral white tufts and A9 has slightly shorter lateral black tufts.  Thoracic hairs are mostly white.  Prothorcic shield is red and swollen.  Body is visible - light yellow with light black stripes.




Head capsule is orange red.  Body is yellow covered in thin but rel. long. ~.6-1cm brown hairs.  Dorsal 1/3 of body is reticulated black and white with a latitudinal yellow ridge on all segments but T1.  Each ridge has 4 hairs in it.  Immediattely below this dorsal area is a bright red stripe.  The bottom ½ of the body is translucent yellow.  Spiracles can’t be seen are unremarkable.




The head is reddish brown, the body is black with bright yellow stripes inside the folds between segments.  These are visible usually only when the caterpillar is moving.  There are small white areas in the lateral area between the folds of the segments as well.  All segments are covered in stiff black hairs except for T1 which is bare dorsally but not laterally.  Legs are dark colored and translucent - ventral surface of body is also translucent. A7 & 8 with long thin tufts of white haris as long as black ones these.



Macroneme iole


Head is black, body is orange with the tops of A1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 blackened - T2, 3 & A3, 4, 5 are orange dorsally with black marks on T2 & A1.  All segments have 3 sets of stiff hairs in tufts on either side of body.  There are iridescent blue flecks at the base of these tufts in black areas and also on the abdominal prolegs.  Thoracic legs are black.  A1 has a dense tuft of black hairs - these are single paired white hairs on T3 & A8 - there are long tufts of hairs (relative to others) on T1 & A8.  Caterpillar has habit of occasionally picking up A8-10 and wiggling that area while its walking.




Head is yellow and hypognathous and orange yellow.  Body is translucent yellow and appears grey green on top when there is food in gut.  All segmentss are covered in grey/ non-urticating hairs. (stiff hairs) in tufts from several poiint(>4).  Spiracles are not visible.  There are paired thick tufts of grey hairs on A1 & A7 (*drawing in notebook). It wiggles wildly when disturbed and drops from the host pland without a thread.



Hypercompe laeta

Like Spilosoma congrua.  Head capsule shiny black with white clypeus.  Black dorsally and laterally orange (vemicae and hairs) over black body, venter black with orange legs and prolegs - back prolegs held above the substrate.  (behavorial and look smaller than other prolegs.)



Pelochyta sp.

Head is red/red orange.  Body and prolegs are dark translucent brown/purplish.  All segments are covered in black hairs (irritating) ~2 mm long.  Larger hairs are on T1, T2, A8, A10.


0065  T2

Dysshemia leucophaea 

Head capsule is black.  Body is white base covered in tiny black spots.  Orange tubercles make latitudinal orange stripes on all segments except for T2, A1, 7, 9.  On these segments black tubercles and pigments make latitudinal back stripes.  There are oraange and black tubercles on A10.  Black blotches make 3 loose black stripes longitudinally down the body.  All tubercles have multiple black spines coming from them.  These are non-urticating.  Legs and prolegs are black, spiracles are brownish and hard to see.  Caterpillars have all prolegs but A10 are reduced.  The caterpillars wiggle their butts if disturbed (on head and butts).  These feed in large groups of 100+ and disperse to to other plants when one is defoliated.



Hyalurga soroides

Head is black with coffee brown frons.  In later instars body is black with paired lines running down dorsum, latero-dorsum laterally.  The lines are grey green.  Verrucae and body between on T1, T3, A4, A8 are orange.  Other verrucae are deep metallic blue with a black base and appear black.  Spiracles are light orange in some instars and darker and unremarkable in others.  Hairs are black except hairs on T2, T3, A8 and sungle hairs on a row of orange lateral verrucae.  These other hairs are all white.  Thoracic and prolegs are black.


598 700

Pericopis sp.

The entire body is black. Most hairs are black, but A9 and T3 have white hairs. Head capsule is black and shiny. T1 and T3 have bright yellow squares, so do A4, A9 and A10. It has a notodontid-like behaviour of wagging A9 & 10 and its head when disturbed.





The body color and head capsule are bright yellow, as are A6 and A7 eversible glands. It has pairs of expanding subdorsal glands on A1, A2, and A3. White dorsal stripe and white subdorsal spots ringed with black.





0022 T2

Gonodonta nr. fulvangula

Head capsule is deep red orange with a black triangle in the center.  Body is velvet black in general but finely articulated with orange white lattitudinal stripes.  Body also has larger white spots in pairs at T1, A1, 2, 4 and large orange and white spots on A1 and 2 where the line loops.  There are orange spots on A2-A10 on the lower 1/3 of the body.  All legs are black, A3 is missing and A4 is reduced.  Body comes to a rounded point at A8 and there are orange spots getting progressively large from on the top of the body (but still paired). From A5-A8  the spots on A8 are big and almost joined.  Pupae was covered with cut leaf pieces and frass.


0032; 738

Gonodonta sinaldus

Morph 1: Prolegs on A4-6 and A10.  Body and head capsule all black with orange and yellow flecks.  The flecks between A2 & A3 (the top of the “loop)J are both orange and yellow and form a wide “U”.  prolegs A4-6 have subventral orange flecks above them.  A9 & 10 have many scattered yellow flecks.  Spiracles are black and difficult to see without a dissecting scope.  Crochets are easy to see with hand lens and are in a uniordinal homoideous mesoseries.

Morph 2: The body color is black on the dorsum and green on the ventrum. The head capsule is mottled black and white. Prolegs A5, A6 and A10 are normal, prolegs A4 are very short. A4, A5, and A6 prolegs are orange. A10 prolegs are mottled black and white. White stripes cross the dorsum on most segments. (Cissampelos jumper)




Phaeoblemma dares

Body is black as are the head capsule and thoracic legs.  It has noticable but sparse hairs on it.  Entire body, head capsule and prolegs are covered in reticulations.  They are white till A3-6 which are yellow.  A1 & 2 have large red spots on them and a red spot below on ventral part of body.  A3 & 4 have reduced prolegs, it is a looper type caterpillar in its habits.  The top of the loop is the red spot on A2.  The creases between A1/A2 & A2/A3 open and are black, setting off the red spot on A2 from the rest of the body.  This sp. readily drops from its host and thrashes.



Oraesia nobilis

Head is off white or vaguely tan with black lines on it. This (drawing) color and these lines extend onto F1.  Body is velvety black with two thick red lines in the upper third of the body running front (above) from T2 to A7. At A7 to 10 the lines become off white again.  A9 & 10 are off white with black lines in the wrinkles of the segments.  The red lines have thin black lines crossing them in the folds of the segments and white lines and spots randomly along the bottom of the lines and crossing them in places.  Spiracles are not visible.  All legs are off white with thin black lines on the outside.  There are thin paired lines running the length of the body in the lower third of the body - almost on the underside of the body.  Legs A3 are missing and A4 proleges reduced.  Larvae were found on cissampelos sp.  They nest off their host plant and readily drop from the plant.



Heart shaped, shiny black head capsule with pronounced epicranial notch.  Body is brown, white, mottled stripes.  Laterally it has orange buttons (raised) on all segments except T1 is orange/white.  Ventrum is also mottled with 2 white stripes down middle.  Prolegs colorless - on A5, 6, 10. Spiracles are small and generally not visible.  Thoracic legs are black.



May be polymorphic - is a noctuid with an orange and black head capsule (orange posterior, frons and clypeus black) body is striped - dorsal oraange with black nodes, rest of dorsal is brownish with black shading with white triangles in shading.  Alternating brown and orange stripes (longitudinally) - dorsal and laterally- spots get white as you move laterally.  Each segment with paired subdorsal white spots.  Prolegs orange  veter is same brown as rest of body.  Spiracles are brown with narrow black, then narrow tan ring around them.  Antennae are red.


598 648

Head brown with white ocelli bordered in black. Body is various shades of brown and tan with white spots on T1 behind head and paired white spots dorsally on A1-4  (these are faint). Paired tubercles arise from A8. Body is also covered in multiple rows of tiny black dots. Spiracles are dull black ringed in white. T legs are reddish brown. Prolegs are like body. A3 legs are missing. A10 legs are backward projecting.


598 639

Anomis patagiata

A3 prolegs are not missing but are very reduced and do not have crochets.

A4 prolegs are also reduced but have crochets. Dorsum is dark green. Abdominal segments are separated by yellowish stripes. 2 subdorsal white stripes run logitudinally. The head capsule is yellow with small black spots. 2 rows of black spots run subdorsally inside the white stripes.


698 662

The color is dark green with a yellow head capsule, yellow caudal prolegs, and tiny brown spiracles ringed with black (need scope to see). Prolegs are on A5, A6, and A10. A2 (the apex of the “hump” formed by walking) has several dorsal and subdorsal orange spots. A1 has one, subdorsal orange spot. A4 has a lateral white streak.