Xylophanes pluto  Fabricius 1777


Host plant: Hamelia patens

Caterpillar Description

 Other Images

Determined by: Gentry/Dyer



Rearing results and development times

 As of Oct. 2001 N=31; 10 were parasitized, 17 eclosed, 4 died (2 while attempting to pupate). Time as pupa: 17-22 days (N=10)

Host plants

Rubiaceae: Hamelia patens


Tachinidae (N=8) Drino sp., Belvosia sp., other Tachinidae
Nemata (N=1)
Rarely, Ichneumonidae emerge from first or second instar larvae (Gentry unpub.)



Observations and Comments

Known morphs of this species (for La Selva) are green, brown, and purple/brown. Caterpillars were primarly found at dusk or at night while they were feeding. During the day the later instars usually hide at the base of their host plant or in nearby surrounding vegetation. The caterpillars usually either consume entire leaves or half of a leaf .

Voucher location

 Tulane University